West Virginia's nutrition standards apply to foods sold, served and/or distributed to students on school property during the school day. The original rule was filed in 1982 and was revised in 1992, 1994, 2004, and 2008. The most recent revision (2008) was developed with significant stakeholder input by the West Virginia Department of Education, Office of Child Nutrition's (OCN) Nutrition Advisory Council in response to the 2004 Child Nutrition Reauthorization requirement for local wellness policies and the 2007 Institute of Medicine (IOM) recommendation for nutrition standards in schools.1 The Nutrition Advisory Council incorporated the IOM recommendations into West Virginia's nutrition standards, which was then approved by the West Virginia Board of Education's Wellness Committee and eventually enacted by the full Board in January 2008.
The nutrition standards are implemented through the OCN and address both school meals and "other foods and beverages" sold/available outside of the federally-reimbursed school meal programs (e.g. school stores, vending, school parties, and others). The standards for "other foods and beverages" more closely approximate the 2007 IOM recommendations for foods in schools than any other state policy to date. In addition to school meals, the nutrition standards comprehensively address the school nutrition environment with provisions for marketing, fundraising, food as a reward, availability of drinking water, adequate time for meal consumption, snacks, staffing, local wellness policies, accountability and compliance, and evaluation of the policy. (To download the policy, see the Intervention Materials section.
Intended Population:Students attending schools in West Virginia under the authority of the West Virginia State Board of Education.
Setting: Schools under the authority of the West Virginia State Board of Education (pre-K through 12th grade).
Length of Time in the Field: The standards were passed by the West Virginia State Board of Education on January 2, 2008, and went into effect July 1, 2008.
1 Institute of Medicine, Nutrition Standards for Foods in Schools: Leading the Way toward Healthier Youth, 2007