Chai seeds have become very popular due to the fact they are rich in Omega 3 (although it’s not particularly bioavailable), fiber and other essential nutrients. Whilst chia seeds can be nutritious, over consumption can have quite a few side effects especially for women. So, let’s crack on and look at the potential issues with Chia seeds side effects in females.
First Let’s Address Some of The False Concerns Around Chia Seed Side Effects for Women
Whilst a lot of people make claims that Chia Seeds can effect menstruation, there is no scientific evidence to support the claim that chia seeds can regulate hormone levels or affect menstrual cycles. The concept of seed cycling for hormonal balance remains largely anecdotal and lacks scientific backing.
What About Other Issues With Chia Seeds For Women Specifically?
Chia seeds contain high levels of alpha-linolenic acid, which is an omega 3 fatty acid (it’s actually not one the human body uses so it has to be converted, meaning you actually waste about 85% of it,  so don’t think this is a replacement for algae or fish based omega 3). That said ALA still can cause issues for pregnant women specifically. 
While omega-3 fatty acids are generally beneficial for pregnant women,  excessive intake of chia seeds can increase the risk of bleeding during pregnancy.
It is crucial for expectant mothers to consult with their healthcare provider before incorporating chia seeds into their diet to ensure a safe and healthy pregnancy.
On top of that, they can cause issues with certain mineral absorption. Particularly Iron, Zinc and Calcium.  As women are already more susceptible to iron deficiency this is of course an issue.  Zinc aids in hormone regulation in general, so this can effect men too.  But, when it comes to calcium, the highest risk population is calcium is likely to be a deficiency during menopause  as women at this point in life don't absorb it as redily. As a result this can lead to further issues such as osteoporosis if left unchecked. 
How Many Chia Seeds Should Women Eat A In A Day?
It is recommended you don't consume much more than 1 ½ tablespoons or 20-25 grams of chia seeds per day, accompanied by an ample intake of water. This is especially important for individuals with conditions like Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) who should stay hydrated when incorporating chia seeds into their daily diet.
Chia Seed Issues That Can Effect Everyone
The Digestive Dilemma: Finding the Right Balance
Chia Seeds are often praised for being high in fiber, and the benefits that this can in turn have on guy health. Of course there are plenty of other sources of fiber. And excessive consumption of chia seeds can lead to digestive issues such as constipation, diarrhea, bloating, and stomach ache.
Thinning the Blood: A Surprising Side Effect
While chia seeds are known for their omega-3 fatty acid content, excessive intake of these seeds can lead to thinning of the blood. This can be particularly problematic for individuals who are already on blood pressure medication, as chia seeds can further reduce blood pressure levels. 
Chia Seed Allergens
Chia seeds belong to the mint family, and individuals with allergies to mint or related foods should exercise caution when consuming chia seeds. 
Chia Seeds and Blood Sugar
One of the most talked about benefits of chia seeds is their ability to regulate blood sugar levels. The dietary fiber in chia seeds slows down the digestion and absorption of sugars. This can of course be be beneficial for individuals with diabetes. However, for those on blood sugar medication it is important to know that chia seeds can interfere with the effectiveness of the medication and potentially alter blood sugar levels. 
But, Chia Seeds do Have Benefits for Women
Despite all of the potential side effects Chia Seeds do offer a wide range of essential nutrients. This includes omega-3 fatty acids, protein, calcium, phosphorus, zinc, and various vitamins, so there's a lot here that can be good for you. And to top it off chia seeds also have a lot of antioxidants that help combat oxidative stress and promote overall health.
Chia Seeds FAQ
1. Who should avoid eating chia seeds? People who are taking medication for hypertension or diabetes should consult with their healthcare professional before adding chia seeds to their diet. And of course those with preexisting gastrointestinal issues should also exercise caution when incorporating fiber-rich foods like chia seeds into their meals.
2. Can chia seeds cause gas and bloating? Since chia seeds are high in fiber and can absorb water, they may lead to gas and bloating, especially in individuals with sensitivity to fiber-rich foods. Gradually increasing chia seed intake while staying hydrated can help alleviate potential digestive discomfort.
1 - https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/9637947/
2 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2839050/
3 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3046737/
4 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC6073254/
5 - https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Iron-HealthProfessional/
6 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7468694/
7 - https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Calcium-HealthProfessional/
8 - https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Calcium-HealthProfessional/
9 - https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4926888/
10 - https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/25898695/
11 - https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33530854/